Reaalsete tervisemõjude tekke kiirgustasemest kehtiva piirnormini on pikk maa…

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MIKROLAINETE BIOLOOGILISED MÕJUD, MIS TEKIVAD EESTIS KEHTIVATEST PIIRNORMIDEST MADALAMATEL TASEMETEL

Dokumenteeritud bioloogilised mõjud ja viited teadustööle

• 0,000000000001 mW/m2 – Kolibakteri geneetilise struktuuri muutused, Belyaev 1996

• 0,000000001 mW/m2 – Inimese tundlikkuse lävi, Kositsky 2001

• 0,00000001 mW/m2 – EEG muutused inimestel, Bise 1978

• 0,000000027 mW/m2 – Ubade kasvu stimuleerimine, Brauer 1950

• 0,0000001 mW/m2 – Mõjud hiirte immuunsüsteemile, Bundyuk 1994

• 0,0000002 mW/m2 – Kanade ovulatsiooni stimulatsioon, Kondra 1970

• 0,00005 mW/m2 – Mõju pärmseente rakkude kasvule, Grundler 1992

• 0,0001 mW/m2 – Vältimisrefleks hiirtel, Kositsky 2001

• 0,00027 mW/m2 – Männiokaste enneaegne vananemine, Selga 1996

0,01 mW/m2 – Kiirgusfoon 100 meetri kaugusel mobiiltelefonist

• 0,02 mW/m2 – Unehäired, normaalsest kõrvalekalduv vererõhk, närvilisus, nõrkus, väsimus, valu jäsemetes ja liigestes, seedeprobleemid, õpilaste halvenenud edasijõudmine, Altpeter 1995, 1997

• 0,027 mW/m2 – Taimede kasvu pärssimine, Brauer 1950

• 0,027–0,065 mW/m2 – Kitsamad puu kasvuringid, Balodis 1996

0,07 mW/m2 – 15 meetri kaugusel juhtmeta telefonist

• 0,1 mW/m2 – Inimesele tajutav, Kolbun 1987

0,16 mW/m2 – 1,6 km kaugusel mobiilimastist

• 0,6 mW/m2 – EEG muutused, süsivesikute ainevahetuse häired, neerupealiste suurenemine, neeruhormooni taseme muutused, struktuurilised muutused maksas, põrnas, munandites ja ajus valgetel rottidel ja küülikutel, Dumanskij 1974

• 0,6 mW/m2 – Küülikute südametöö aeglustumine ja EEG muutused, Serkyuk, dokumenteerinud McRee 1980

0,5 mW/m2 – 3 meetri kaugusel wifiga arvutist

• 1 mW/m2 – Melatoniini taseme tõus lehmadel, Stark 1997

• 1–1,8 mW/m2 – Veetaimede eluea lühenemine, paljunemishäired, struktuurilised ja arengulised hälbed, Magone 1996

• 1,3 mW/m2 – Inimese lootevesikesta rakkude kasvu vähenemine, Kwee 1997

• 1,68 mW/m2 – Pöördumatu viljatus hiirtel, Magras 1997

• 2–8 mW/m2 – Lapseea leukeemia mobiilisaatjate läheduses, Hocking 1996

• 3 mW/m2 – Õpilaste motoorika, reageerimiskiiruse, mälu ja tähelepanu halvenemine ja sugude suhte muutumine lastel (vähem poisse), Kolodynski 1996

• 4 mW/m2 – Valgeliblede aktiivsuse muutused õpilastel, Chiang 1989

• 6 mW/m2 – Muutused kaltsiumiioonide väljavoolus ajukoest, Dutta 1986

• 6 mW/m2 – Südame arütmia ja mõnikord südame seiskumine konnadel, Frey 1968

• 10 mW/m2 – Peavalu, peapööritus, ärrituvus, väsimus, nõrkus, unetus, valu rinnus, hingamisraskused, seedehäired (inimeste kokkupuude kiirgusega töökeskkonnas), Simonenko 1998

• 10 mW/m2 – Merisigade valgeliblede stimulatsioon, Shandala 1978

• 25 mW/m2 – Vere-aju barjääri lagunemine (kiirituseks kasutati mobiiltelefoni), Salford 1997

• 50 mW/m2 – Leukeemia, melanoom ja põievähk TV- ja FM-saatjate läheduses, Dolk 1997

• 20 mW/m2 – „Mikrolainekuulmine“ – klõbin, sumin, sidin, susin või pinin, Frey 1963, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1988, Justeson 1979, Olsen 1980, Wieske 1963, Lin 1978

• 50 mW/m2 – Biokeemilised ja histoloogilised muutused maksas, südames, neerudes ja ajukoes, Belokrinitskiy l982

• 100 mW/m2 – Mitokondrite kahjustused aju hipokampuse rakutuumades, Belokrinitskiy 1982

• 100 mW/m2 – Mälu halvenemine ja reageerimiskiiruse vähenemine inimestel, kes elavad mobiilisaatjate lähedal, Chiang 1989

• 100 mW/m2 – Hiirte pesakonna suuruse vähenemine, surnultsündinute arvu kasv, Il’Chevich, dokumenteerinud McRee 1980

• 100 mW/m2 – Metallide ümberjaotamine kopsus, ajus, südames, maksas, neerudes, lihastes, põrnas, luudes, nahas, veres, Shutenko 1981

10.000 mW/m2 – Mitteioniseeriva kiirguse maksimaalne lubatud piirnorm Eestis (elukeskkonnas) (https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/163816)

Allikas: Arthur Firstenberg, http://www.electromagnetic-pollution.com/main/page_biological_effects_exposure_tables.html

Veelgi põhjalikuma tabeli leiad siit (inglise keeles): www.bioinitiative.org/color-charts

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Balodis, V. et al., 1996. Does the Skrunda Radio Location Station diminish the radial growth of pine trees? The Science of the Total Environment 180:81-85.

Baranski, S. and Edelwejn, Z., 1975. Experimental morphologic and EEG studies of microwave effects on the nervous system. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 247:109-116.

Belokrinitskiy, V.S., 1982. Hygienic evaluation of biological effects of non-ionizing microwaves. Gigiyena i Sanitariya 6:32-34, JPRS 81865, pp. 1-5.

Belokrinitskiy, V. S., 1982a. Destructive and reparative processes in hippocampus with long-term exposure to nonionizing microwave radiation. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 93(3):89-92.

Belyaev, I. Y., et al., 1996. Resonance effect of millimeter waves in the power range from 10–19 to 3 x 10–3 W/cm2 on Escherichia coli cells at different concentrations. Bioelectromagnetics 17:312-321.

Bergqvist, U., and Vogel, E., eds. Possible Health Implications of Subjective Symptoms and Electromagnetic Fields. Solna, Sweden: National Institute for Working Life, 1997.

Bise, W., 1978. Low power radio-frequency and microwave effects on human electroencephalogram and behaviour. Physiological Chemistry and Physics 10(5):387-398.

Brauer, I., 1950. Experimenta1 studies on the effect of meter waves of various field intensities on the growth of plants by division. Chromosoma 3:483-509.

Bundyuk, L.S., et al., 1994. Corrective action of millimeter waves on systems of various levels of hierarchy. Physics of the Alive 2(1):12-25.

Chiang, H., 1981. Assessment of health hazard and standard promulgation in China. Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Nonionizing Radiation, NATO Conference, Erice, Italy, pp. 627-644.

Chiang, H., et al., 1989. Health effects of environmental electromagnetic fields. Journal of Bioelectricity 8(1):127-131

Dolk, H, et al., 1997. Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain, I. Sutton Coldfield transmitter. American Journal of Epidemiology 145(1):1-9.

Dumanskij, J. D., and Shandala, M. G., 1974. The biologic action and hygienic significance of electromagnetic fields of super-high and ultrahigh frequencies in densely populated areas. Biologic Effects and Health Hazards of Microwave Radiation, Proceedings of an International Symposium, Warsaw, 15-18 Oct. 1973, P. Czerski et al., eds.

Dutta, S. K., et al, 1986. Microwave radiation-induced calcium ion flux from human neuroblastoma cells: dependence on depth of amplitude modulation and exposure time. Biological Effects of Electropollution, S. Dutta and R. Millis, eds., pp. 63-69. Philadelphia, PA: Information Ventures.

Flakiewicz, W., and Cebulska-Wasilewska, A., 1992. Biological effects of EM field on randomly selected human population residing permanently close to the high power, long wave radio transmitter, and Trandescantia plant model system in situ. International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, pp. 72-76.

Frey, A. H., 1963. Human response to very-low-frequency electromagnetic energy. Nav. Res. Rev. 1968:1-4.

Frey, A. H., and Seifert, E., l968. Pulse modulated UHF energy illumination of the heart associated with change in heart rate. Life Sciences 7(Part II):505-512.

Frey, A. H., 1968. Effects of microwave and radio frequency energy on the central nervous system. Symposium Proceedings. Biological Effects and Health Implications of Microwave Radiation, Richmond, VA, Sept. 1969, pp. 134-139.

Frey, A.H., 1971. Biological function as influenced by low power modulated RF energy. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, MTT-19(2):153-164.

Frey, A. H., and Messenger, R., 1973. Human perception of illumination with pulsed ultrahigh-frequency electromagnetic energy. Science 181:356-358.

Frey, A. H., 1986. Evolution and results of biological research with low-intensity non-ionizing radiation. Modern Bioelectricity, A. A. Marino, ed., pp. 785-837. New York, NY: Dekker.

Gorbach, I. N., 1982. Changes in nervous system of individuals exposed to microradiowaves for long period of time. Zdravookhraneniye Belorussii 5:51-53, JPRS 81865, pp. 24-28.

Grant, L., 1995. Electrica1 Sensitivity Handbook. Prescott, AZ: Weldon Publishing.

Grundler, W., and Kaiser, F., l992. Experimental evidence for coherent excitations correlated with cell growth. Nanobiology 1:163-176.

Hocking, B., and Gordon, I., 1996. Cancer incidence and mortality and proximity to TV towers. Medical Journal of Australia 165(11-12):601-605.

Hocking, B., 1998. Symptoms associated with mobile phone use, Occupationa1 Medicine 48(6):357-360, and letter, vol. 48(7):472.

Justeson, D. R., 1979. Behavioral and psychological effects of microwave radiation. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 55(11):1058-1078.

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Allikas: http://www.electromagnetic-pollution.com/main/page_biological_effects_exposure_tables.html